The balance of acids and bases is of exceptional importance to the metabolic process. Even normal cellular metabolism requires a balance of acids and bases. The condition of proteins, the structure of cell parts, the permeability of membranes, the functioning of enzymes and hormones, the distribution of electrolytes and the structure of connective tissue... all these depend on this balance. One of the ways an organism’s acid–base levels are measured is by measuring blood pH; in healthy people, blood has a pH of 7.4. If, due to illness, the pH value falls below 7.37, problems related to metabolism occur immediately due to acidosis; if the pH value rises above 7.44, problems occur do to alkalosis. Every cell fluid is known to have its own pH value (for example, stomach fluid: 1.2-3; saliva: 7.0; pancreatic fluid: 8.0; urine: 5.6-7.0).
Although the organism has effective regulatory mechanisms (buffer systems in the blood, lungs, kidneys) for maintaining pH values within very narrow margins, a collapse of the acid–base homeostasis may occur. Problems related to acid–base homeostasis can occur because of illness (diabetes, hyperaldosteronism, chronic kidney failure, alcohol poisoning, hypokalemia, pulmonary oedema and certain other illnesses), or as a result of taking certain medicines, infections or an inadequate diet (obesity).
The acid–base homeostasis is one of the foundations of a healthy life
The predominant opinion of modern medicine (which varies from country to country) is that food does not affect acid–base homeostasis in the body. However, studies have shown that today, imbalances are most often the result of overburdening the body with food which causes the increased production of acids in the body.
The body has its own mechanisms for neutralising excess acids. The capacity of these mechanisms is limited, and their effectiveness depends on the amount of processed and “empty” food, animal proteins and concentrated carbohydrates consumed. It may therefore happen that the organism is not capable of excreting all the acids temporarily deposited in the intercellular space, which leads to an acid burden on tissue and organs. The body loses base minerals and attempts to temporarily store the excess acids and toxic matter in the intercellular space and in the joints. Because the organism is overburdened, the temporary deposits become permanent, and this affects all of the body’s metabolic processes.
The effects of chronic acidosis include: a deficiency of certain minerals, burn-out syndrome, sleep problems, digestive problems, problems with concentration, muscle spasms, diarrhoea, headaches, nervousness and a number of other problems. An extended state of excess acids in the body could lead to osteoporosis, certain types of kidney stones, cardiovascular diseases, inflammatory/degenerative changes in the motor system, gout, type 2 diabetes, increased uric acid, allergies, dentine (tooth) damage, effects on the autonomic nervous system and a number of other illnesses.
The acidification of bodily fluids leads to changes in the properties of red blood cells. They become less elastic and deformed and lose their ability to change their outer form. That’s why they have difficulty travelling through the capillaries; they stick together, forming blockages. The viscosity of blood is thus reduced, as is the local delivery of oxygen to tissue and vital organs (the heart and brain).
The role of hydrogen carbonate ions
Sodium hydrogen carbonate, a powerful base, plays an important role in maintaining this balance. It serves to neutralise excess acid and is active in the formation of all digestive juices of the so-called basophile organs – the liver, the gall bladder, the pancreas gland and the digestive glands of the small and large intestine. Donat Mg natural mineral water contains large amounts of hydrogen carbonate ions and the basic mineral magnesium, which is why it effectively helps maintain acid–base homeostasis.